Restricted or Prohibited Words and Phrases

The use of the following words and phrases are restricted or prohibited by statute* in the name of a Business Corporation (“BC”), Not-for Profit Corporation (“N-PC”), Limited Liability Company (“LLC”) and/or Limited Partnership (“LP”):
academy cooperative institute preschool
acceptance cooperation insurance redevelopment
"America Espirito Sport Fraternite" council investment savings
annuity doctor kindergarten school
arboretum education labor secondary
assurance elementary lawyer state police
attorney endowment library state trooper
bank exchange loan surety
benefit fidelity mortgage tenant relocation
blind finance museum title
board of trade guaranty nursery school trust
casualty handicapped Olympiad underwriter
chamber of commerce historical Olympic union
"Citius Altius Fortius" historical society Pan-American United Nations
college history Paralympiad university
community renewal incorporated Paralympic urban development
conservatory indemnity partnership urban relocation
corporation industrial organization prekindergarten  

* Unless otherwise specified in the chart, the use of any abbreviation or derivative of the word or phrase is subject to the same restriction or prohibition.
Word or Phrase Restricted
or
Prohibited
Entity
Type(s)
Affected
Required Consent
(if applicable)
Statute(s)
(See code identification
listing at bottom of chart)
academy Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
acceptance Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
"America Espirito Sport Fraternite" Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
US Olympic Committee 36 U.S.C. §220506
annuity Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
arboretum Restricted BC
LLC
LP
EL
Board of Regents and Commissioner of
Education
BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
EL §216
assurance Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
attorney Prohibited LLC   LLCL §204(f)


Judiciary Law §485
bank Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
benefit Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
blind Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Social Services BCL §301(a)(7)
LLCL §204(g)
PL §121-102(3)(C)
board of trade Prohibited BC
LLC
LP
  BCL §301(a)(5)(A)
LLCL §204(e)
PL §121-102(3)(A)
bond Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
casualty Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
chamber of commerce Prohibited BC
LLC
LP
  BCL §301(a)(5)(A)
LLCL §204(e)
PL §121-102(3)(A)
"Citius Altius Fortius" Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
US Olympic Committee 36 U.S.C. §220506
college Restricted BC
LLC
LP
See "university" for details
Board of Regents and
Commissioner of
Education
BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
Education Law §224(1)(a)
community

renewal

Prohibited BC
LLC
LP
  BCL §301(a)(5)(A)
LLCL §204(e)
PL §121-102(3)(A)
conservatory Restricted BL
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
corporation Prohibited LLC   LLCL §204(e)
cooperative

Prohibited BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
  Cooperative
Corporations
Law §3(j)
cooperation Prohibited BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
  Cooperative
Corporations
Law §3(j)
council Restricted BC
N-PC
See "union" for details. BCL §301(a)(6)
N-PCL §404(j)
doctor Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
See Endnote (1)
for details.
BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
education Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
elementary Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
endowment Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
exchange Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Attorney General BCL §301(a)(10)
LLCL §204(h)
PL §121-102(3)(D)
fidelity Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
finance Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
guaranty Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking Department
and
Insurance Department
BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
handicapped Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Social Services BCL §301(a)(7)
LLCL §204(g)
PL §121-102(3)(C)
historical Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
historical society Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
history Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
incorporated Prohibited LLC   LLCL §204(e)
indemnity Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
industrial organization Restricted BC
N-PC
See "union" for details. BCL §301(a)(6)
N-PCL §404(j)
institute Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
insurance Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
investment Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
kindergarten Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
labor Restricted BC
N-PC
See "union" for details. BCL §301(a)(6)
N-PCL §404(j)
lawyer Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
See Endnote (2)
for details.
BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
library Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
loan Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
mortgage Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
museum Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Commissioner of
Education
BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
EL §216
Olympiad or
Olympic or
Pan-American or
Paralympiad or
Paralympic
Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
US Olympic
Committee
36 U.S.C. §220506
partnership Prohibited LLC   LLCL §204(e)
prekindergarten Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
preschool Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
redevelopment Prohibited BC
N-PC
Prohibited for BC's and N-PC's, except
for redevelopment companies under the PHFL.
Private Housing
Finance Law § 205(3)
savings Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
school Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
secondary Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Education BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A)
state police
or ------------
state trooper
Prohibited




-----------

Restricted
BC
LLC
LP
------

N-PC



----------------------------
Can be used by a
N-PC whose membership
is composed exclusively
of state policemen or
state troopers, as the
case may be.
BCL §301(a)(5)(A)
LLCL §204(e)
PL §121-102(3)(A)
-----------------------
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(A)
surety Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
tenant relocation Prohibited BC
LLC
LP
  BCL §301(a)(5)(A)
LLCL §204(e)
PL §121-102(3)(A)
title Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
trust Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Banking Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
underwriter Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Insurance Department BCL §301(a)(5)(B)
N-PCL §301(a)(5)(B)
LLCL §204(f)
PL §121-102(3)(B)
union
or
council
or
industrial organization
or
labor
Restricted


-------------
Restricted
BC
---------
N-PC
Approval of Industrial Board of Appeals may
be required.
See Endnote. (3)
----------------------------
Approval of Industrial Board of Appeals
may be required. >See Endnote. (4)
BCL §301(a)(6)
------------------------
N-PCL §404(j)
United Nations Restricted BC
N-PC
LLC
LP
Secretary General
of the
United Nations.
General Business
Law §141
university Restricted BC
LLC
LP
Board of Regents and Commissioner of
Education
See endnote (5)
for details
BCL §301(a)(11)
LLCL §204(i)
PL §121-102(a)(3)(A) Education Law §224(1)(a)
urban development Prohibited BC
LLC
LP
  BCL §301(a)(5)(A) LLCL §204(e)
PL §121-102(3)(A)
urban relocation Prohibited BC
LLC
LP
  BCL §301(a)(5)(A)
LLCL §204(e)
PL §121-102(3)(A)

BCL = Business Corporation Law      • N-PCL = Not-for-Profit Corporation Law
LLCL = Limited Liability Company Law     • PL = Partnership Law     • EL - Education Law      • U.S.C. = United States Code

1. The word “doctor” can be used by:

  1. a BC or LLC, if used in a context which clearly denotes a purpose other than the practice of medicine (NB: there is no provision allowing a N-PC to use the word “doctor” in its name, even if the context clearly denotes a purpose other than the practice of medicine; however, certain N-PC’s can use the word “doctor” [see #3, #4 and #5 below]); or
  2. a PC whose shareholders are composed exclusively of doctors (NB: there is no provision allowing a medical PLLC to use the word “doctor”in its name); or
  3. a N-PC whose membership is composed exclusively of doctors, or
  4. a university faculty practice corporation formed under Article 14 of the N-PCL, or
  5. a N-PC that is a foundation organized for the sole purpose of publishing the literary works of a deceased person, provided that the word “doctor” or any abbreviation or derivative thereof is used in the N-PC’s name to identify the person whose works are to be published (see N-PCL §301(a)(9).)

2. The word “lawyer” can be used by:

  1. a BC or LLC, if used in a context which clearly denotes a purpose other than the practice of law (NB: there is no provision allowing a N-PC to use the word “lawyer” in its name, even if the context clearly denotes a purpose other than the practice of law; however, certain N-PC’s can use the word “lawyer” [see #3 below]); or
  2. a PC whose shareholders are composed exclusively of lawyers (NB: there is no provision allowing a legal PLLC to use the word “lawyer”in its name); or
  3. a N-PC whose membership is composed exclusively of lawyers.

3. For BC’s: union, council, industrial organization, or labor cannot be used in a context which indicates or implies that the corporation is formed or authorized as an organization of working men or women or wage earners, or for the performance, rendition or sale of services as labor or management consultant, adviser or specialist, or as negotiator or arbitrator in labor-management disputes, unless approval of Industrial Board of Appeals is annexed.

4. For N-PC’s: union, council, industrial organization, or labor cannot be used in a context that indicates or implies that the corporation is formed as an organization of wage-earners for their mutual betterment, protection and advancement; the regulation of hours of labor, working conditions, or wages; or the performance, rendition or sale of services as labor consultant, labor-management advisor, negotiator, arbitrator, or specialist, unless approval of Industrial Board of Appeals is annexed.

5. Education Law §224(1)(a) provides that “No individual, association, partnership or corporation not holding university, college or other degree conferring powers by special charter from the legislature of this state or from the regents, shall confer any degree or use, advertise or transact business under the name university or college, or any name, title or descriptive material indicating or tending to imply that said individual, association, partnership or corporation conducts, carries on, or is a school of law, medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, nursing, optometry, podiatry, architecture or engineering, unless the right to do so shall have been granted by the regents in writing under their seal.”