TEXT OF REGULATIONS
Pursuant to the authority vested in the New York State Department of State section 490-h of the General Business Law, as added by Chapter 62 of the Laws of 2011, Title 21 of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules and Regulations of the State of New York is amended to add Parts 4607.1, 4607.2, 4607.3, 4607.4, 4607.5, 4607.6 and 4607.7 to be effective 120 days from the publication of a Notice of Adoption in the New York State Register, to read as follows:
Part 4607 Children’s Product Safety and Recall Effectiveness
(Statutory Authority: General Business Law Article 28-E)
§ 4607.1 Purpose and Scope
§4607.3 Durable Juvenile Product Manufacturers; Responsibilities
§4607.4 Commercial Dealers; Responsibilities
§4607.5 Retailers; Responsibilities
§4607.6 Non-Retail Sales; Responsibilities
§4607.7 Violations; Penalties; Enforcement
Section 4607.1 Purpose and Scope.
Oversight and enforcement. It is the responsibility of the New York State Department of State (Department) to:
a. enforce the provisions of Article 28-E of the General Business Law, the Children’s Product Safety and Recall Effectiveness Act of 2008, to enhance the safety of the marketplace for children under the age of twelve;
b. set requirements for children’s and durable juvenile products, which shall include (1) labeling standards; (2) product recall and warning notification requirements; (3) removal and disposal of recalled products from the marketplace; and (4) record keeping and reporting requirements; and
c. distinguish which requirements apply to the various affected entities within the children’s and durable juvenile products marketplace. The affected and defined entities include retailers, operators of websites that act as a platform to facilitate competitive bidding between third parties for the sale or resale of such products, secondhand dealers, and commercial dealers, which includes manufacturers, remanufacturers, retrofitters, distributors, importers or wholesalers.
Section 4607.2 Definitions.
For the purposes of this Part, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
a. "Children's product" means a toy or other article, other than clothing, primarily intended for use by a child under twelve years of age. The following shall be considered in determining if the toy or article is intended for a child under twelve years of age:
1. A statement by a manufacturer about the intended use of such toy or article, including a label on such toy or article;
2. The context and manner of the advertising, promotion, and marketing associated with the toy or article; and
3. Whether the toy or article is commonly recognized by consumers as being intended for use by a child under twelve years of age.
b. "Commercial dealer" means any person who is in the business of manufacturing, remanufacturing, retrofitting, distributing, importing, or selling at wholesale children's products in New York State. This definition shall not be construed to include retailers.
c. “Defect” or “Defective” means a hazard or imperfection that restricts the product from functioning according to design, patent or advertised intended function. Such term shall not include packaging or labeling imperfections.
d. "Department" means the New York State Department of State.
e. "Durable juvenile product" means products intended for use, or that may be reasonably expected to be used, by children under the age of five years as defined in subsection (f) of section 104 of the United States Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-314 or other similar durable juvenile products designed for children under age five as shall be specified in regulations promulgated by the United States consumer product safety commission.
f. "Initial consumer” means a person who purchases a children’s product or durable juvenile product for any purpose other than resale.
g. "Knowledge" means (1) the receipt of notice or having actual knowledge or (2) the presumed having of knowledge deemed to be possessed by a reasonable person who acts in the circumstances, including knowledge obtainable upon the exercise of due care.
h. "Person" means a natural person and any entity, including but not limited to a sole proprietorship, partnership, firm, corporation, limited liability company, or association, and any employee or agent thereof.
i. "Product safety owner’s card" means a postage paid registration form that (1) requests the initial consumer to provide prescribed information to the manufacturer, and (2) requires the manufacturer provide certain prescribed information to the initial consumer. All such information shall be prescribed by the United States consumer product safety commission, pursuant to subsection (d) of section 104 of the United States Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-314 and the United States consumer product safety commission rules promulgated in accordance with such act.
j. "Recall" means a request to return a product to the manufacturer due to a defect in the product.
k. “Retailer” means any person who as a business or for-profit venture sells or leases children's products or durable juvenile products for-profit in New York to initial consumers. Such term shall not include (1) someone who purchased or acquired a product primarily for personal use and who subsequently resells the product, or (2) any secondhand dealer, as defined in this section.
l. "Secondhand dealer" means a person who sells as a primary source of income reconditioned, remanufactured, refurbished, previously owned, or consignment items. Such term shall not include the initial consumer or someone who purchases a children's product or durable juvenile product primarily for personal use but who subsequently sells the product.
Section 4607.3 Durable Juvenile Product Manufacturers; Responsibilities
a. Owner safety card. No manufacturer of durable juvenile products shall introduce for sale or distribution a juvenile product without a product owner safety card, as prescribed by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, pursuant to subsection (d) of section 104 of the United States Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, Public Law No. 110-314 and the rules promulgated therein. Manufacturers of durable juvenile products responsible for the product owner safety card shall also include a statement of confidentiality that ensures that the contact information on the returned card will not be used for any other purpose and shall be stored in a manner suitable to preserving the remitting consumer’s confidentiality. No manufacture of durable juvenile products shall require the return of the product owner safety card.
b. Disclosure Form. 1. The Department shall prescribe a form requiring manufacturers of durable juvenile products that are distributed, sold or made available in the State to report at a minimum the following:
i. Current contact information for the durable juvenile products manufacturer;
ii. Information identifying the types and variety of durable juvenile products sold or offered in the State; and
iii. Any other information deemed relevant by the Department in order to satisfy the disclosure requirement in Section 490-b of the General Business Law.
Such form shall be made available in an electronic format and in any other format as prescribed by the Department.
c. Reporting and Record Keeping.
1. Manufacturers of durable juvenile products shall complete and file the disclosure form with the Department biennially, unless any of the information provided in the biennial disclosure has changed. If any information provided during the biennial period changes, the disclosure form shall be amended and filed with the Department within 30 days of the occurrence of such change.
2. All filings shall be transmitted via mail to the Department of State, PO Box 22001; Albany, New York 12201-2001
3. Manufacturers of durable juvenile products responsible for receiving any returned product safety owner cards shall maintain the contact information received from a returned consumer product safety owner card for a period of six years.
Section 4607.4 Commercial Dealers; Responsibilities.
a. Labeling of products. Products for sale or distribution in New York must be labeled in accordance with label requirements as prescribed by 15 USC 2063 and the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission rules promulgated in accordance with the United States Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008. No commercial dealer or agent shall introduce for sale or distribution in New York a durable juvenile product or children’s product without such label. No commercial dealer or agent shall obscure or allow such label to be obscured.
b. Defective Children’s or Durable Juvenile Products Recalls and Warnings; Requirements. Upon notice of, or reason to believe that, a product previously introduced into the market is defective and a recall or warning has been issued due to such defect then a commercial dealer shall, within twenty-four hours of issuing or receiving a recall or warning notification from the Consumer Product Safety Commission:
1. Contact in writing all known retailers, and any other distributing entity within the commercial dealer’s distribution pool, to which it sold or otherwise made available such defective product. The writing shall direct all such entities to stop the sale or distribution of the recalled product and provide directions on the disposition of such product.
2. If a dealer maintains a website, the dealer shall place on its website home page or first point of entry a link to the recall or warning information. This link shall contain specific recall and warning notification information.
3. Contact all consumers who returned the product owner’s safety card or otherwise provided the dealer with their contact information, and provide the consumers with specific recall and warning information.
4. File an incident form, prescribed by the Department, and a copy of the recall notice or warning issued or distributed; and send such filings to the Department of State via:
i. Email to firstname.lastname@example.org ; or
ii. Mail to the Department of State, PO Box 22001, Albany, New York 12201-2001
c. Disposition of Defective Children’s or Durable Juvenile Products; Requirements. When a commercial dealer has sold or otherwise introduced into the market a recalled children’s or durable juvenile product, and the dealer receives the recalled product back from the consumer, the dealer shall:
1. Dispose of the recalled product in a manner that is compliant with state and federal environmental standards, and precludes the defective product from being re-entered into the marketplace, unless the defect prompting the recall has been remediated.
2. File a certificate of disposition form, prescribed by the Department, of recalled products within 90 days.
3. Request extensions for filing certificate of disposition, in writing to the Department, at least 10 days prior to 90-day deadline.
4. Send filings and requests for extension to the New York State Department of State via email to email@example.com; or mail to PO Box 22001, Albany, New York 12201-2001.
Section 4607. 5 Retailers; Responsibilities. Retailers’ responsibilities are included in this section. This section does not apply to persons who purchase a product for personal use but later sell it.
a. A retailer shall not take delivery of, nor introduce for sale, any children’s product or durable juvenile product that does not have an appropriate label in accordance with this Part.
b. No retailer shall obscure, in part or in full, any label required under this Part.
c. Upon knowledge of a commercial dealer, or a State or federal agency’s issuance of a recall or warning regarding a children’s product or a durable juvenile product, a retailer who has sold or is offering such product for sale shall:
1. Within one business day of knowledge of the recall notice initiate a corrective undertaking which includes:
i. Removing the defective children’s product or durable juvenile product from the store shelves; and
ii. Taking steps to ensure that such defective product is not sold or otherwise made available, including but not limited to implementing a mechanism or procedure to prevent a recalled product from being purchased at the point of sale.
2. Within one business day of knowledge of a either a recall or warning notice:
i. Post the recall or warning notice conspicuously for at least 60 days at all of the retailer’s locations where such item had been or was being sold. Recall and warning notices shall include in a clear and conspicuous fashion a description of the product, the reason for the recall or warning, a picture of the product if available, and instructions on how to return or exchange the recalled product. Conspicuous recall and warning posting shall include notices that are:
a. Placed by the retailer onto a sign that is:
1. Affixed to each cash register or point of sale;
2. Posted at each store entrance used by the public;
3. Prominently posted at the customer service area; or
4. Affixed on the retail shelf planogram where the product was or would be sold.
b. Offered in electronic format in a retail store, if the retailer:
1. Posts an electronic recall and warning availability sign at each store entrance utilized by the public, and prominently at the customer service area. The sign shall disclose where the electronic recall and warning notices may be found in the retail store and where the consumer can access assistance to obtain electronic recall and warning notices;
2. Utilizes an electronic device that is accessible to persons with physical disabilities;
3. Provides direct customer assistance for consumers whom need assistance operating such electronic device; and
4. Provides for an alternative for consumers to access such information in the event such electronic device is inoperable.
ii. Post a link to the specific recall or warning information on the home page or first point of entry to the retailer’s website for at least 60 days, if a website is maintained. Such recall or warning information may only include a photograph or detailed rendering of the product and the product recall or warning information.
3. When contact information was provided by the consumer to the retailer at the time of purchase and remains available at the time of the receipt of the recall or warning notice, the retailer shall contact the initial consumer to provide the recall or warning information. The recall or warning information shall include:
i. A description of the product;
ii. The reason for the recall or warning; and
iii. Instructions on how to exchange, return for a refund or otherwise respond to the children’s product involved in the recall or warning.
The notice shall include only the product recall or warning information and any pertinent return exchange policies. The notice may not include any sales or marketing information for any product or service.
Section 4607. 6 Non-Retail Sales; Responsibilities. Non-retail sales includes sales conducted by secondhand dealers and any person that acts as an operator or manager of a website that serves as a platform to facilitate by a competitive bidding process, or solely between third parties, the resale, sale or distribution of children’s products or durable juvenile products.
a. Conspicuous Internet Resale Notice. A person that operates or manages a website that serves as a platform to facilitate by a competitive bidding process, or solely between third parties, the resale, sale or distribution of children’s products or durable juvenile products shall:
1. Post clear and obvious advisory language in a distinct type style on
i. The website’s first webpage and point of entry, or
ii. The first webpage or point of entry for a seller, a bidder or a purchaser of children’s products or durable juvenile products.
2. The first webpage or point of entry for a seller, bidder or purchaser shall include an operational hyperlink to the list of recalls maintained by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. The operational hyperlink shall be:
i. Made available in a color that is a high degree of contrast from the color of the background of the webpage, and
ii. Provided in advance of any sale, bid or purchase information being transmitted by the seller, bidder or purchaser.
b. Prominent Secondhand Dealer Notice. A secondhand dealer who sells children’s products or durable juvenile products shall prominently post a notice instructing consumers on how to obtain recall information, and the importance of checking recall information before purchasing secondhand children’s products or durable juvenile products.
1. The Department shall prescribe the notice required to be posted by a secondhand dealer.
2. The Department shall make such notice available in an electronic format, or any other format prescribed by the Department.
3. For purposes of this subsection, “prominently post” shall mean:
i. Affixed at the register or point of sale;
ii. At a location that is in plain and unobstructed view of the register or point of sale; or
iii. At the entrance or entrances of the premises used by the public.
Section 4607.7 Violations; penalties; enforcement.
1. Failure to comply with any provision of this Part;
2. Allow a violation through omission of any provision of this Part;
3. Refuse to allow Department investigators to inspect premises;
4. Fail to respond to a request or a subpoena from the Department.
b. Penalties. For each violation, the Department shall impose a penalty of no greater than $5,000. Upon the occasion of a second violation or subsequent violations of this Part, the Department shall impose a penalty of no greater than $50,000.
1. Administrative Hearing. The administrative hearing shall be conducted in accordance with Article 3 of the State Administrative Procedure Act ("SAPA") and 19 NYCRR Part 400. The Department shall, before imposing any fine pursuant to this Part and/or Article 28-E of the General Business Law, and at least 10 days prior to the date set for the hearing, notify in writing the person or entity alleged to be in violation with a statement of charges made and shall afford such person or entity an opportunity to be heard in person or by counsel in reference thereto. Such written notice may be served by delivery of same personally, or by mailing same by certified mail to the last known business address of such person or entity or by any method authorized by the Civil Practice Law and Rules. The hearing on such charges shall be at such time and place as the Department shall prescribe.