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The purpose of Article 21-B of the Executive Law is to implement the provisions of the Federal Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000. Article 21-B provides for the certification of manufacturers, retailers, installers, and mechanics (servicing the structural parts of the home). The law only applies to the federally approved manufactured homes and the relocation of mobile homes, not New York State approved modular homes. A “manufactured home” (or mobile home) is built in a factory and must be constructed in compliance with the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards (24 CFR Part 3280). A manufactured home (mobile home) is built on a chassis, is intended to be transportable more than once, and must bear a “HUD seal” issued by HUD. In contrast, a “factory manufactured home” (or modular home) must be constructed by a manufacturer that has been approved by the Department of State, must be constructed in accordance with plans and specifications that have been approved by the Department of State, must be constructed in compliance with the Uniform Code, and must bear an “Insignia of Approval” issued by the Department of State. “Factory manufactured homes” (or modular homes) are not part of this Manufactured Housing Program. With respect to HUD manufactured homes, Article 21-B also provides for the establishment of training and continuing education programs, standards for warranty seals and bonding requirements. The Act provides for the creation of a dispute resolution process. It also provides for the establishment of penalties for violations and other provisions for compliance with federal laws.
Helpful information and FAQ page (under construction)
Amendments Based on the 2017 Uniform Code Supplement
The Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code (the “Uniform Code”) applies in all parts of the State (except New York City). The Uniform Code includes requirements for the installation of manufactured homes and for construction of the foundation on which manufactured homes are installed. The Uniform Code requirements for the installation of manufactured homes have been amended, effective October 31, 2017. The amended requirements are found in Appendix E of the 2017 Uniform Code Supplement.
One of the changes to the Uniform Code in the 2017 Uniform Code Supplement is the amendment of Appendix E – Manufactured Housing Used As Dwellings of the 2015 International Residential Code. Primarily, the amendments (1) bring Appendix E into alignment with the HUD Model Manufactured Home Installation Standards (24 CFR Part 3285); (2) require manufactured homes to be installed in conformance with the manufacturer’s installation manual; (3) require relocated manufactured homes to be installed in conformance with the manufacturer’s installation manual, or if such manufacturer’s installation instruction is unavailable then manufactured homes may be installed in accordance with the HUD Model Installation Standard (24 CFR Part 3285 (2016)) or the 2013 Edition of NFPA 225; and (4) remove conflicting language regarding the use of alternative foundation systems. Appendix E can be found on pages 56-63 of the 2017 Uniform Code Supplement.
Another change to the Uniform Code in the 2017 Uniform Code Supplement is the incorporation by reference of 24 CFR Part 3285 (2016).
The New York Housing Association and the New York State Weatherization Directors Association are providing training opportunities to meet the requirements of the Manufactured Housing Advancement Act, in cooperation with the Department of State. All registrations for training of industry personnel should be done through the appropriate Association using the websites listed below. Code enforcement officials should check with their respective NYSBOC chapter to learn of educational opportunities that are available for manufactured housing.
New York Housing Association: http://www.nyhousing.org/
New York State Weatherization Directors Association: https://www.nyswda.org/
While the Department of State will make reasonable efforts to ensure that the information on this web site is accurate and up to date, no representation or warranty is made as to the correctness or completeness of the information contained on or available through this web site.
List of certified manufacturers, retailers, installers and mechanics of manufactured homes.
Manufactured Housing Information
Manufactured Housing Forms
Manufacturer's Warranty and Home Installation Warranty Seal - Sample
Manufactured Housing Laws and Regulations
Title 19 NYCRR Chapter XXXII Part 1210 Manufactured Homes
Resolution of Dispute Process
Any homeowner, retailer, manufacturer, installer, mechanic, or lending entity may file a complaint with the Department of State seeking resolution of an allegation that a substantial defect exists in the delivered condition, installation, service or construction of a manufactured home. The term “substantial defect” means a defect or a number of defects or other conditions in the delivered condition, installation, service, or construction of a manufactured home which collectively can reasonably be expected to cost $500 or more to cure. The complaint must be filed within one year and ten days after the date of service, installation, or issuance of a certificate of occupancy, or the expiration of any applicable provision of a contract or warranty, whichever is later.
For further details regarding the Resolution of Dispute Process, please see 19 NYCRR §1210.18
For questions regarding technical assistance related to the installation of Manufactured Housing, contact your appropriate Regional Technical Support Offices.
For questions regarding certification of manufacturers, retailers, installers, or mechanics, contact the Division of Licensing Services