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South Shore Estuary Reserve

South Shore Estuary Reserve Comprehensive Management Plan Implementation


The South Shore Estuary Reserve Act was enacted by the NYS Legislature to protect and manage the SSER as a single integrated estuary and a maritime region of statewide importance. The Act created the SSER Council and charged it with preparing a SSER Comprehensive Management Plan (CMP) as well as advising on its implementation and effectiveness. The SSER CMP recommends implementation actions for State, federal, and local governments; non-profit organizations, businesses, and academic institutions to:

  • Improve and maintain water quality;
  • Protect and restore living resources;
  • Expand public use and enjoyment;
  • Sustain and expand the estuary economy, and;
  • Increase education, outreach, and stewardship.

Since 2001, the OPD has monitored progress in advancing the SSER CMP’s implementation actions and prepared periodic Implementation Status Reports. The OPD supports SSER CMP implementation projects through the Environmental Protection Fund Open Space Account (EPF OSA) and the Local Waterfront Revitalization Program (EPF LWRP). Other NYS agencies and local governments also contribute to SSER implementation. Examples of projects that have received State funding are detailed in the drop down boxes below.

Improve and Maintain Water Quality


The SSER has more impaired surface waters due to nitrogen loading than any other region of New York State, making nitrogen pollution a priority concern. Degraded water quality has a negative effect on the health of the estuary ecosystem which negatively impacts the SSER’s shellfish, finfish, and estuary-related industries. Several State, federal, academic, nonprofit, and local government partners monitor water quality in the SSER. For more than a decade, the OPD has been the lead provider of millions of dollars in State funding that supports water quality monitoring initiatives, research, and improvements through the Environmental Protection Fund SSER Open Space Account (EPF OSA). Recent State funded water quality projects include:

Protect and Restore Living Resources

Horseshoe crabs Marsh and Egret

The SSER’s extensive beaches, tidal wetlands, salt marshes, submerged seagrass beds, and open waters provide critical foraging, nursery, and nesting habitat for hundreds of species of wildlife; thereby supporting recreation, fishing, shellfishing, and tourism. Tidal wetlands play a critical role in buffering communities from storm surge and flooding. More designated Significant Coastal Fish & Wildlife Habitats are found in the SSER than any other region of the State. Since the adoption of the SSER CMP, OPD and its partners have worked diligently to implement programs to conserve and protect living resources within the SSER. Recent living resources projects include:

Expand Public Use and Enjoyment


The SSER is a recreational paradise. Miles of sandy beaches, extensive shallow bays, numerous marinas, trails; and State, local, and federal parks provide residents and visitors abundant opportunities for fishing, hiking, swimming, boating, or just enjoying the coast. Public access to these resources is critical to the success of the SSER tourism economy. OPD and its partners continue to work to improve and expand public access to the SSER.

Sustain and Expand the Estuary Economy

Freeport Fish Market

The largest concentration of water-dependent businesses in New York State is found in the SSER. Tourism, fishing, shellfishing, and related maritime businesses depend on clean water and healthy living resources to thrive. Today, degraded water quality and environmental impacts are affecting fish and shellfish populations and extreme weather events have affected local economies. In addition to projects that bolster public enjoyment of the estuary and support tourism, OPD is working with SSER partners to strengthen the estuary economy. Examples of projects to sustain and expand the estuary economy include:

Increase Education, Outreach, and Stewardship

     SSER Sign Locations

The need to protect the SSER’s living resources, increase acres of open space, and reverse a long-term decline in water quality while creating a more resilient natural and built environment for the benefit of the community and the economy has never been greater. In order to achieve these goals, residents and visitors must become stewards of the SSER and take active participation in its future. Local governments, schools, and non-governmental organizations hold beach clean-ups, household hazardous waste clean-up days, and environmental awareness events to increase public knowledge about issues affecting the SSER.

Interpretive Signage

Babylon Signage (pdf)
Bay Shore Signage (pdf)
E. Rockaway Signage (pdf)
Freeport Signage (pdf)
Hempstead Signage (pdf)
Patchogue Signage (pdf)